Rabu, 29 Desember 2010

APA ITU PROPOLIS


Propolis Platinum merupakan propolis cair tanpa kandungan alkohol yang berasal dari negara Brazil dan dikenal sebagai propolis hijau terbaik yang dihasilkan di dunia. Propolis mengandung flavonoid dengan kadar tinggi, yang membantu meningkatkan sistem imun. Penurunan sistem imun menyebabkan tubuh mudah terserang penyakit. Pengunaan Propolis Platinum secara teratur akan membantu meningkatkan sistem imun. Flavonoid merupakan komponen tumbuhan yang memiliki sifat sebagai bahan-bahan antijamur, antibakteri, antivirus, antioksidan dan anti-inflamasi dengan berkualitas tinggi. Bisa digunakan untuk pengobatan diabetes melitus,stroke, hepatitis,kanker, hipertensi, tuberkulosis, batu ginjal, hiv / aids. Bisa dibeli online di www.binmuhsingroup.com. UNTUK PEMESANAN HUBUNGI BIN MUHSIN HP: 085227044550 Tlp: 021-91913103 SMS ONLY: 081213143797@MyYM @MyFacebook @MyTwitter @MyYuwie @MyFriendster binmuhsin_group@yahoo.co.id
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APA ITU PROPOLIS?

Propolis atau Lem Lebah adalah suatu zat yang dihasilkan oleh lebah madu. Dikumpulkan oleh lebah dari pucuk daun-daun yang muda untuk kemudian dicampur dengan air liurnya, digunakan untuk menambal dan mensterilkan sarang. Propolis bersifat disinfektan (anti bakteri) yang membunuh semua kuman yang masuk ke sarang lebah. lebah meliputi sarangnya dengan propolis untuk melindungi semua yang ada didalam sarang tersebut dari serbuan kuman, virus, atau bakteri, misal: ratu lebah, telur, bayi lebah dan madu. Sifat disinfektan alami yang terkandung dalam propolis sangat ampuh dalam membunuh kuman, terbukti dengan ditemukannya seekor tikus dalam sarang lebah yang telah mati selama kurang lebih 5 tahun dalam keadaan tidak membusuk.

KEGUNAAN PROPOLIS

Kegunaan Propolis bagi manusia adalah :

§ Suplementasi; mengandung zat-zat yang dibutuhkan untuk membangun kekebalan tubuh dan mengaktifkan kelenjar Thymus. Zat-zat tersebut adalah :

§ Semua vitamin kecuali vitamin K.

§ Semua mineral yang dibutuhkan tubuh kecuali Sulfur.

§ 16 rantai Asam Amino Essensial yang dibutuhkan untuk regenerasi sel.

§ Bioflavonoid, yaitu zat anti oksidan sebagai suplemen sel. Menurut penelitian, kandungan Bioflavonoid pada satu tetes propolis setara dengan bioflavonoid yang dihasilkan dari 500 buah jeruk.

§ Pengobatan alami; mengandung zat aktif yang berfungsi sebagai obat untuk berbagai macam penyakit. Fungsi pengobatan meliputi hal-hal sebagai berikut :

§ Sebagai antibiotik, antiviral dan sekaligus antifungal alami tanpa efek samping.

§ Penyakit yang berhubungan dengan bakteri, misalnya : typhus, diare/muntaber dan sebagainya. Dapat juga untuk bau ketiak yang sangat mengganggu, karena di dalam lipatan ketiak terdapat bakteri atau jamur yang menyebabkan bau.

§ Penyakit yang berhubungan dengan virus, misalnya : demam berdarah, flu, TBC dan sebagainya.

§ Penyakit yang berhubungan dengan jamur, misalnya : eksim, panu, keputihan, ketombe dan sebagainya.

§ Anti peradangan (infeksi dan luka), misalnya : maag, luka luar, radang tenggorokan, sakit gigi, radang ginjal, lebam, luka bakar dan sebagainya.

§ Sebagai anti kanker dan mutagenesis sel, misalnya : kanker tumor, mium, kista dan sebagainya.

§ Berfungsi untuk membersihkan pembuluh darah dan detoksifikasi atau pembuangan racun, misalnya : asam urat, kolesterol, trigliserin, darah tinggi, jantung, stroke, diabetes mellitus dan sebagainya.

lemak-lemak (katarak) di mata bersih dengan propolis. [1]

PENDAPAT PARA AHLI TENTANG PROPOLIS

Berikut adalah pendapat para ahli tentang propolis dan kegunaan lain :

1. John Diamond MD; propolis mampu mengaktifkan kelenjar thymus yang berfungsi sebagai sistem imunitas tubuh.

2. Ray Kupinsel; propolis sebagai anti biotik alami yang mampu melawan berbagai macam penyakit tanpa efek samping

3. Profesor Arnold Becket; propolis mampu menyembuhkan berbagai macam penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus, bakteri dan jamur.

4. Russia Research Team (Tim Riset Rusia); Dalam propolis terdapat zat anti biotik alami dan anti viral, vitamin, asam amino, mineral yang sangat mujarab untuk penyakit mulut, tenggorokan.

5. Dr. Fang Chu (dokter di Lien Yu Kang Hospital Tiongkok); propolis berguna untuk penyakit kandungan lemak tinggi dalam darah dan untuk penyakit jantung.

6. Lembaga Riset Kanker Columbia, 1991; dalam propolis terdapat zat CAPE yang berfungsi mematikan sel kanker. Dengan pemakaian zat CAPE secara teratur selama 6 bulan dapat mereduksi kanker sebanyak 50%.

7. Majalah anti biotik VP Kivalkina; propolis sangat efektif untuk infeksi tanpa batas kadaluwarsa.

Propolis is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. It is used as a sealant for unwanted open spaces in the hive. Propolis is used for small gaps (approximately 6 millimeters (0.2 in) or less), while larger spaces are usually filled with beeswax. Its color varies depending on its botanical source, the most common being dark brown. Propolis is sticky at and above room temperature (20° Celsius). At lower temperatures it becomes hard and very brittle.

PURPOSE

For centuries, beekeepers assumed[1] that bees sealed the beehive with propolis to protect the colony from the elements, such as rain and cold winter drafts. However, 20th century research has revealed that bees not only survive, but also thrive, with increased ventilation during the winter months throughout most temperate regions of the world.

Propolis is now believed to [2]:

1. reinforce the structural stability of the hive

2. reduce vibration

3. make the hive more defensible by sealing alternate entrances

4. prevent diseases and parasites from entering the hive, and to inhibit bacterial growth[3]

5. prevent putrefaction within the hive. Bees usually carry waste out of and away from the hive. However if a small lizard or mouse, for example, found its way into the hive and died there, bees may be unable to carry it out through the hive entrance. In that case, they would attempt instead to seal the carcass in propolis, essentially mummifying it and making it odorless and harmless.

COMPOSITION

The composition of propolis varies from hive to hive, from district to district, and from season to season. Normally it is dark brown in color, but it can be found in green, red, black and white hues, depending on the sources of resin found in the particular hive area. Honey bees are opportunists, gathering what they need from available sources, and detailed analyses show that the chemical composition of propolis varies considerably from region to region, along with the vegetation. In northern temperate climates, for example, bees collect resins from trees, such as poplars and conifers (the biological role of resin in trees is to seal wounds and defend against bacteria, fungi and insects). Poplar resin is rich in flavonoids. "Typical" northern temperate propolis has approximately 50 constituents, primarily resins and vegetable balsams (50%), waxes (30%), essential oils (10%), and pollen (5%). In neotropicalregions, in addition to a large variety of trees, bees may also gather resin from flowers in the genera Clusia and Dalechampia, which are the only known plant genera that produce floral resins to attract pollinators.[4] Clusia resin contains polyprenylated benzophenones.[5][6][7] In some areas of Chile, propolis contains viscidone, a terpene from Baccharis shrubs,[8] and in Brazil, naphthoquinone epoxide has recently isolated from red propolis,[9] and prenylated acids such as 4-hydroxy-3,5-diprenyl cinnamic acid have been documented.[10] An analysis of propolis from Henan, China found sinapic acid, isoferulic acid, caffeic acid and chrysin, with the first three compounds demonstrating anti-bacterial properties.[11] Also, Brazilian red propolis (largely derived fromDalbergia ecastaphyllum plant resin) has high relative percentages of the isoflavonoids 3-Hydroxy-8,9-dimethoxypterocarpan and medicarpin[12].

Occasionally worker bees will even gather various caulking compounds of human manufacture, when the usual sources are more difficult to obtain. The properties of the propolis depend on the exact sources used by each individual hive; therefore any potential medicinal properties that may be present in one hive's propolis may be absent from another's, and the distributors of propolis products cannot control such factors. This may account for the many and varied claims regarding medicinal properties, and the difficulty in replicating previous scientific studies investigating these claims. Even propolis samples taken from within a single colony can vary, making controlled clinical tests difficult, and the results of any given study cannot be reliably extrapolated to propolis samples from other areas.

MEDICAL USES

Propolis is marketed by health food stores as a traditional medicine,[13] and for its claimed beneficial effect on human health.

Natural medicine practitioners use propolis for the relief of various conditions, including inflammations, viral diseases, ulcers, superficial burns or scalds.[citation needed]

Propolis is also believed to promote heart health, strengthen the immune system and reduce the chances of cataracts.[14] Old beekeepers[citation needed] recommend a piece of propolis kept in the mouth as a remedy for a sore throat. Propolis lozenges and tinctures can be bought in many countries. Though claims have been made for its use in treating allergies, propolis may cause severe allergic reactions if the user is sensitive to bees or bee products.[15]

Some of these claims are being clinically investigated and several studies are published in the biomedical literature. Since the chemical composition of propolis varies depending on season, bee species and geographic location, caution must be applied in extrapolating results (as above).

As an antimicrobial

Depending upon its composition, propolis may show powerful local antibiotic and antifungal properties.[16]

As an emollient

Studies also indicate that it may be effective in treating skin burns.[17][18][19]

As an immunomodulator

Propolis also exhibits immunomodulatory effects.[20][21]

As a dental antiplaque agent

Propolis is a subject of recent dentistry research, since there is some evidence that propolis may actively protect against caries and other forms of oral disease, due to its antimicrobial properties.[22][23][24][25] Propolis can also be used to treat canker sores.[26] Its use in canal debridement for endodontic procedures has been explored in Brazil.[27]

As an antitumor growth agent

Propolis' use in inhibiting tumorigenesis has been studied in mice in Japan.[28]

Commercial uses

In musical instruments

Propolis is used by certain music instrument makers to enhance the appearance of the wood grain. It is a component of some varnishes and was reportedly used[29] by Antonio Stradivari.

In food

Propolis is used by some chewing gum manufacturers to make Propolis Gum.

References

1. ^ R Krell 1996. value-added products from beekeeping FAO AGRICULTURAL SERVICES BULLETIN No. 124 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome

2. ^ M Simone-Finstrom and M Spivak 2010. Propolis and bee health: the natural history and significance of resin use by honey bees Apidologie

3. ^ Walker, Matt (23 July 2009). "Honeybees sterilise their hives". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-07-24.

4. ^ Mesquita, R. C. G.; Franciscon C. H. (June 1995). "Flower visitors ofClusia nemorosa G. F. W. Meyer (Clusiaceae) in an Amazonian white-sand Campina". Biotropica 27 (2): 254–8. doi:10.2307/2389002. Retrieved 2008-05-17.

5. ^ Tomás-Barberán, F. A.; García-Viguera C., Vit-Oliviera P., Ferreres F., Tomás-Lorente F. (1993-08-03). "Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela". Phytochemistry 34(1): 191–6. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)90804-5.

6. ^ Scott Armbruster, W. (September 1984). "The Role of Resin in Angiosperm Pollination: Ecological and Chemical Considerations".American Journal of Botany 71 (8): 1149–60. doi:10.2307/2443391. Retrieved 2008-05-17.

7. ^ Bankova, V. (February 2005). "Recent trends and important developments in propolis research". Evidence-based Compl. and Alt. Medicine 2 (1): 29–32. doi:10.1093/ecam/neh059. PMID 15841275.PMC 1062152. Retrieved 2008-05-17.

8. ^ Montenegro G, Mujica AM, Peña RC, Gómez M, Serey I & B N Timmermann 2004. Similitude pattern and botanical origin of the Chilean propolis. Phyton 145-154

9. ^ Trusheva, Boryana; Popova, Milena; Bankova, Vassya; Simova, Svetlana; Marcucci, Maria Cristina; Miorin, Patricia Laguna; Pasin, Flavia da Rocha & Tsvetkova, Iva (2006): Bioactive Constituents of Brazilian Red Propolis. doi:10.1093/ecam/nel006 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 3(2): 249–254

10. ^ Park YK, Alencar SM, Aguiar CL. 2005. Botanical origin and chemical composition of Brazilian propolis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:2502–2506

11. ^ Qiao Z, Chen R (August 1991). "[Isolation and identification of antibiotic constituents of propolis from Henan]" (in Chinese). Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 16 (8): 481–2, 512. PMID 1804186.

12. ^ http://ecam.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/short/nem059v1

13. ^ http://www.promer.org/getdoc.php?docid=860

14. ^ Orhan, H.; Marol S., Hepşen I. F., Sahin G. (1999-12-06). "Effects of some probable antioxidants on selenite-induced cataract formation and oxidative stress-related parameters in rats". Toxicology 139 (3): 219–32.doi:10.1016/S0300-483X(99)00128-6. PMID 10647922.

15. ^ Brovko, T. E.; Kravchuk P. A. (July-August 1970). "Two cases of allergic reaction after administration of propolis drugs". Zh Ushn Nos Gorl Bolezn30 (4): 102–3. PMID 5503978.

16. ^ Orsi, R. O.; Sforcin J. M., Rall V. L. M., Funari S. R. C., Barbosa L., Fernandes JR A. (2005). "Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil".Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 11(2): 109–16. doi:10.1590/S1678-91992005000200003. Retrieved 2008-01-14.

17. ^ Gregory, S. R.; Piccolo N., Piccolo M. T., Piccolo M. S., Heggers J. P. (February 2002). "Abstract Comparison of propolis skin cream to silver sulfadiazine: a naturopathic alternative to antibiotics in treatment of minor burns". J Altern Complement Med. 8 (1): 77–83.doi:10.1089/107555302753507203. PMID 11890438.

18. ^ Hoşnuter, M.; Gürel A., Babucçu O., Armutcu F., Kargi E., Işikdemir A. (March 2004). "The effect of CAPE on lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide levels in the plasma of rats following thermal injury". Burns 30 (2): 121–5.doi:10.1016/j.burns.2003.09.022. PMID 15019118.

19. ^ Ocakci, A.; Kanter M., Cabuk M., Buyukbas S. (October 2006). "Role of caffeic acid phenethyl ester, an active component of propolis, against NAOH-induced esophageal burns in rats". Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.70 (10): 1731–9. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2006.05.018. PMID 16828884.

20. ^ Brätter, C.; Tregel M., Liebenthal C., Volk H. D. (October 1999). "Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study". Forsch Komplementarmed. 6 (5): 256–60. PMID 10575279.

21. ^ Ansorge, S.; Reinhold D., Lendeckel U. (July-August 2003). "Propolis and some of its constituents down-regulate DNA synthesis and inflammatory cytokine production but induce TGF-beta1 production of human immune cells". Z Naturforsch [C]. 58 (7-8): 580–9.PMID 12939048.

22. ^ Botushanov, P. I.; Grigorov G. I., Aleksandrov G. A. (2001). "A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis". Folia Med (Plovdiv) 43 (1-2): 28–30. PMID 15354462.

23. ^ Koo, H.; Cury J. A., Rosalen P. L., Ambrosano G. M., Ikegaki M., Park Y. K. (November-December 2002). "Effect of a mouthrinse containing selected propolis on 3-day dental plaque accumulation and polysaccharide formation". Caries Research 36 (6): 445–8.doi:10.1159/000066535. PMID 12459618.

24. ^ Duarte, S.; Rosalen P. L., Hayacibara M. F., Cury J. A., Bowen W. H., Marquis R. E., Rehder V. L., Sartoratto A., Ikegaki M., Koo H. (January 2006). "The influence of a novel propolis on mutans streptococci biofilms and caries development in rats". Arch Oral Biol. 51 (1): 15–22.doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2005.06.002. PMID 16054589.

25. ^ Park, Y. K.; Koo M. H., Abreu J. A., Ikegaki M., Cury J. A., Rosalen P. L. (January 1998). "Antimicrobial activity of propolis on oral microorganisms". Curr Microbiol. 36 (1): 24–8.doi:10.1007/s002849900274. PMID 9405742.

26. ^ Samet, N.; Laurent C., Susarla S. M., Samet-Rubinsteen N. (June 2007). "The effect of bee propolis on recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a pilot study". Clin Oral Investig. 11 (2): 143–7. doi:10.1007/s00784-006-0090-z. PMID 17285269.

27. ^ da Silva, F. B.; Almeida J. M., Sousa S. M. (April-June 2004). "Natural medicaments in endodontics - a comparative study of the anti-inflammatory action". Braz Oral Res. 18 (2): 174–9. PMID 15311323. Retrieved 2008-01-14.

28. ^ Sugimoto Y, Iba Y, Kayasuga R, et al (April 2003). "Inhibitory effects of propolis granular A P C on 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone-induced lung tumorigenesis in A/J mice". Cancer Lett. 193(2): 155–9. doi:10.1016/S0304-3835(03)00016-8. PMID 12706872.

29. ^ Gambichler T, Boms S, Freitag M (April 2004). "Contact dermatitis and other skin conditions in instrumental musicians". BMC Dermatol. 4: 3.doi:10.1186/1471-5945-4-3. PMID 15090069. PMC 416484.

SUMBER : http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propolis

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